Download/Retrieve Email from Hotmail/Outlook/Live/Office 365 in C#

In previous section, I introduced how to download email from Yahoo account. In this section, I will introduce how to download email from Hotmail/MSN Live/Outlook.com/Office 365 account in C#.

Introduction

Hotmail/Outlook POP3 server address is pop3.live.com. It requires SSL connection on 995 port; Hotmail/Outlook IMAP4 server address is imap-mail.outlook.com. It requires SSL connection on 993 port;

You should use your Hotmail/Outlook email address as the user name for user authentication. For example: your email is liveid@hotmail.com, and then the user name should be liveid@hotmail.com.

Server Port SSL Protocol
pop3.live.com 995 SSL required Pop3
imap-mail.outlook.com 993 SSL required Imap4

Note

Remarks: All of examples in this section are based on first section: A simple C# project. To compile and run the following example codes successfully, please click here to learn how to create the test project and add reference to your project.

[C# Example - Retrieve emails from Hotmail/MSN Live/Outlook account using POP3]

The following example codes demonstrate how to download email from Hotmail/MSN Live/Outlook account using POP3 protocol. In order to run it correctly, please change email server, user, password, folder, file name values.

Note

To get the full sample projects, please refer to Samples section.

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.IO;
using EAGetMail; //add EAGetMail namespace

namespace receiveemail
{
    class Program
    {
        // Generate an unqiue email file name based on date time
        static string _generateFileName(int sequence)
        {
            DateTime currentDateTime = DateTime.Now;
            return string.Format("{0}-{1:000}-{2:000}.eml",
                currentDateTime.ToString("yyyyMMddHHmmss", new CultureInfo("en-US")),
                currentDateTime.Millisecond,
                sequence);
        }

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            try
            {
                // Create a folder named "inbox" under current directory
                // to save the email retrieved.
                string localInbox = string.Format("{0}\\inbox", Directory.GetCurrentDirectory());
                // If the folder is not existed, create it.
                if (!Directory.Exists(localInbox))
                {
                    Directory.CreateDirectory(localInbox);
                }

                // Hotmail/MSN POP3 server is "pop3.live.com"
                MailServer oServer = new MailServer("pop3.live.com",
                            "liveid@hotmail.com",
                            "yourpassword",
                            ServerProtocol.Pop3);

                // Enable SSL connection.
                oServer.SSLConnection = true;

                // Set 995 SSL port
                oServer.Port = 995;

                MailClient oClient = new MailClient("TryIt");
                oClient.Connect(oServer);

                MailInfo[] infos = oClient.GetMailInfos();
                Console.WriteLine("Total {0} email(s)\r\n", infos.Length);
                for (int i = 0; i < infos.Length; i++)
                {
                    MailInfo info = infos[i];
                    Console.WriteLine("Index: {0}; Size: {1}; UIDL: {2}",
                        info.Index, info.Size, info.UIDL);

                    // download email from  Hotmail/MSN server
                    Mail oMail = oClient.GetMail(info);

                    Console.WriteLine("From: {0}", oMail.From.ToString());
                    Console.WriteLine("Subject: {0}\r\n", oMail.Subject);

                    // Generate an unqiue email file name based on date time.
                    string fileName = _generateFileName(i + 1);
                    string fullPath = string.Format("{0}\\{1}", localInbox, fileName);

                    // Save email to local disk
                    oMail.SaveAs(fullPath, true);

                    // Mark email as deleted from POP3 server.
                    oClient.Delete(info);
                }

                // Quit and expunge emails marked as deleted from POP3 server.
                oClient.Quit();
                Console.WriteLine("Completed!");
            }
            catch (Exception ep)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ep.Message);
            }
        }
    }
}

[C# Example - Retrieve emails from Hotmail/MSN Live/Outlook account using IMAP4]

The following example codes demonstrate how to download email from Hotmail/MSN Live/Outlook account using IMAP4 protocol.

Note

To get the full sample projects, please refer to Samples section.

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.IO;
using EAGetMail; //add EAGetMail namespace

namespace receiveemail
{
    class Program
    {
        // Generate an unqiue email file name based on date time
        static string _generateFileName(int sequence)
        {
            DateTime currentDateTime = DateTime.Now;
            return string.Format("{0}-{1:000}-{2:000}.eml",
                currentDateTime.ToString("yyyyMMddHHmmss", new CultureInfo("en-US")),
                currentDateTime.Millisecond,
                sequence);
        }

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            try
            {
                // Create a folder named "inbox" under current directory
                // to save the email retrieved.
                string localInbox = string.Format("{0}\\inbox", Directory.GetCurrentDirectory());
                // If the folder is not existed, create it.
                if (!Directory.Exists(localInbox))
                {
                    Directory.CreateDirectory(localInbox);
                }

                // Hotmail/MSN IMAP4 server is "imap-mail.outlook.com"
                MailServer oServer = new MailServer("imap-mail.outlook.com",
                            "liveid@hotmail.com",
                            "yourpassword",
                            ServerProtocol.Imap4);

                // Enable SSL connection.
                oServer.SSLConnection = true;

                // Set 993 SSL port
                oServer.Port = 993;

                MailClient oClient = new MailClient("TryIt");
                oClient.Connect(oServer);

                MailInfo[] infos = oClient.GetMailInfos();
                Console.WriteLine("Total {0} email(s)\r\n", infos.Length);
                for (int i = 0; i < infos.Length; i++)
                {
                    MailInfo info = infos[i];
                    Console.WriteLine("Index: {0}; Size: {1}; UIDL: {2}",
                        info.Index, info.Size, info.UIDL);

                    // Receive email from IMAP4 server
                    Mail oMail = oClient.GetMail(info);

                    Console.WriteLine("From: {0}", oMail.From.ToString());
                    Console.WriteLine("Subject: {0}\r\n", oMail.Subject);

                    // Generate an unqiue email file name based on date time.
                    string fileName = _generateFileName(i + 1);
                    string fullPath = string.Format("{0}\\{1}", localInbox, fileName);

                    // Save email to local disk
                    oMail.SaveAs(fullPath, true);

                    // Mark email as deleted from IMAP4 server.
                    oClient.Delete(info);
                }

                // Quit and expunge emails marked as deleted from IMAP4 server.
                oClient.Quit();
                Console.WriteLine("Completed!");
            }
            catch (Exception ep)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ep.Message);
            }
        }
    }
}

Hotmail IMAP OAUTH

Microsoft Live SMTP servers (Hotmail, Oultook personal account) have been extended to support authorization via the industry-standard OAuth 2.0 protocol. Using OAUTH protocol, user can do authentication by Microsoft Web OAuth instead of inputting user and password directly in application.

Microsoft will disable traditional user authentication in the future, switching to Microsoft OAuth (Modern Authentication) is strongly recommended now.

Or you can generate App Passwords and use this app password instead of your user password.

Retrieve Email from Office 365

First of all, you should go to Office 365 Outlook -> Options -> See All Options -> Account -> My Account -> Settings for POP, IMAP, and SMTP access. You will get your Office 365 POP3/IMAP4 server address and port. The default POP3 server is outlook.office365.com on SSL 995 port; IMAP4 server is outlook.office365.com on SSL 993 port.

Server Port SSL Protocol
outlook.office365.com 995 SSL required Pop3
outlook.office365.com 993 SSL required Imap4

[C# Example - Retrieve emails from Office 365 account using IMAP4]

The following example codes demonstrate how to download email from Offic 365 account using IMAP4 protocol.

Note

To get the full sample projects, please refer to Samples section.

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.IO;
using EAGetMail; //add EAGetMail namespace

namespace receiveemail
{
    class Program
    {
        // Generate an unqiue email file name based on date time
        static string _generateFileName(int sequence)
        {
            DateTime currentDateTime = DateTime.Now;
            return string.Format("{0}-{1:000}-{2:000}.eml",
                currentDateTime.ToString("yyyyMMddHHmmss", new CultureInfo("en-US")),
                currentDateTime.Millisecond,
                sequence);
        }

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            try
            {
                // Create a folder named "inbox" under current directory
                // to save the email retrieved.
                string localInbox = string.Format("{0}\\inbox", Directory.GetCurrentDirectory());
                // If the folder is not existed, create it.
                if (!Directory.Exists(localInbox))
                {
                    Directory.CreateDirectory(localInbox);
                }

                // Hotmail/MSN IMAP4 server is "outlook.office365.com"
                 MailServer oServer = new MailServer("outlook.office365.com",
                                "yourid@domain",
                                "yourpassword",
                                ServerProtocol.Imap4);

                // Enable SSL connection.
                oServer.SSLConnection = true;

                // Set 993 SSL port
                oServer.Port = 993;

                MailClient oClient = new MailClient("TryIt");
                oClient.Connect(oServer);

                MailInfo[] infos = oClient.GetMailInfos();
                Console.WriteLine("Total {0} email(s)\r\n", infos.Length);
                for (int i = 0; i < infos.Length; i++)
                {
                    MailInfo info = infos[i];
                    Console.WriteLine("Index: {0}; Size: {1}; UIDL: {2}",
                        info.Index, info.Size, info.UIDL);

                    // Receive email from Office 365 IMAP4 server
                    Mail oMail = oClient.GetMail(info);

                    Console.WriteLine("From: {0}", oMail.From.ToString());
                    Console.WriteLine("Subject: {0}\r\n", oMail.Subject);

                    // Generate an unqiue email file name based on date time.
                    string fileName = _generateFileName(i + 1);
                    string fullPath = string.Format("{0}\\{1}", localInbox, fileName);

                    // Save email to local disk
                    oMail.SaveAs(fullPath, true);

                    // Mark email as deleted from IMAP4 server.
                    oClient.Delete(info);
                }

                // Quit and expunge emails marked as deleted from IMAP4 server.
                oClient.Quit();
                Console.WriteLine("Completed!");
            }
            catch (Exception ep)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ep.Message);
            }
        }
    }
}

[C# Example - Retrieve Unread/New Email from Hotmail/Outlook/Office 365]

Because IMAP/EWS/WebDAV support read mail flag, with this feature, we can also retrieve unread/new email only from Hotmail/Outlook/Office 365 like this

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.IO;
using EAGetMail; //add EAGetMail namespace

namespace receiveemail
{
    class Program
    {
        // Generate an unqiue email file name based on date time
        static string _generateFileName(int sequence)
        {
            DateTime currentDateTime = DateTime.Now;
            return string.Format("{0}-{1:000}-{2:000}.eml",
                currentDateTime.ToString("yyyyMMddHHmmss", new CultureInfo("en-US")),
                currentDateTime.Millisecond,
                sequence);
        }

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            try
            {
                // Create a folder named "inbox" under current directory
                // to save the email retrieved.
                string localInbox = string.Format("{0}\\inbox", Directory.GetCurrentDirectory());
                // If the folder is not existed, create it.
                if (!Directory.Exists(localInbox))
                {
                    Directory.CreateDirectory(localInbox);
                }

                // Hotmail/MSN IMAP4 server is "imap-mail.outlook.com"
                MailServer oServer = new MailServer("imap-mail.outlook.com",
                    "liveid@hotmail.com", "yourpassword", ServerProtocol.Imap4);

                // For office 365 user, please change server to:
                // MailServer oServer = new MailServer("outlook.office365.com",
                //    "yourid@domain", "yourpassword", ServerProtocol.Imap4);

                // Enable SSL connection.
                oServer.SSLConnection = true;

                // Set 993 SSL port
                oServer.Port = 993;

                MailClient oClient = new MailClient("TryIt");
                oClient.Connect(oServer);

                // retrieve unread/new email only
                oClient.GetMailInfosParam.Reset();
                oClient.GetMailInfosParam.GetMailInfosOptions = GetMailInfosOptionType.NewOnly;

                MailInfo[] infos = oClient.GetMailInfos();
                Console.WriteLine("Total {0} unread email(s)\r\n", infos.Length);
                for (int i = 0; i < infos.Length; i++)
                {
                    MailInfo info = infos[i];
                    Console.WriteLine("Index: {0}; Size: {1}; UIDL: {2}",
                        info.Index, info.Size, info.UIDL);

                    // Receive email from IMAP4 server
                    Mail oMail = oClient.GetMail(info);

                    Console.WriteLine("From: {0}", oMail.From.ToString());
                    Console.WriteLine("Subject: {0}\r\n", oMail.Subject);

                    // Generate an unqiue email file name based on date time.
                    string fileName = _generateFileName(i + 1);
                    string fullPath = string.Format("{0}\\{1}", localInbox, fileName);

                    // Save email to local disk
                    oMail.SaveAs(fullPath, true);

                    // mark unread email as read, next time this email won't be retrieved again
                    if(!info.Read)
                    {
                        oClient.MarkAsRead(info, true);
                    }

                    // if you don't want to leave a copy on server, please use
                    // oClient.Delete(info);
                    // instead of MarkAsRead
                }

                // Quit and expunge emails marked as deleted from IMAP4 server.
                oClient.Quit();
                Console.WriteLine("Completed!");
            }
            catch (Exception ep)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ep.Message);
            }
        }
    }
}

Office365 POP/IMAP/EWS OAUTH

Microsoft Office365 servers have been extended to support authorization via the industry-standard OAuth 2.0 protocol. Using OAUTH protocol, user can do authentication by Microsoft Web OAuth instead of inputting user and password directly in application.

Microsoft will disable traditional user authentication in the future, switching to Microsoft OAuth (Modern Authentication) is strongly recommended now.

Or you can generate App Passwords and use this app password instead of your user password.

TLS 1.2

TLS is the successor of SSL, more and more Email servers require TLS 1.2 encryption now.

If your operating system is Windows XP/Vista/Windows 7/Windows 2003/2008/2008 R2/2012/2012 R2, and you got connection error with SSL/TLS connection, you need to enable TLS 1.2 protocol in your operating system like this:

Enable TLS 1.2 on Windows XP/Vista/7/10/Windows 2008/2008 R2/2012

Next Section

At next section I will introduce how to retrieve email with event handler.

Appendix

Comments

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