Retrieve Email from Exchange Server with WebDAV protocol in C#

In previous section, I introduced how to retrieve email from Exchange Server with Web Service (EWS) protocol in C#. In this section, I will introduce the WebDAV protocol (Exchange 2000/2003).

Introduction

Exchange WebDAV protocol is similar with IMAP4 protocol. First of all, it supports retrieving email from different mail folder and folder management. Secondly, Exchange WebDAV supports mail read flag management. Therefore, we can do more things with Exchange server. To better understand the WebDAV protocol, please see the following examples.

Exchange Server supports POP3/IMAP4 protocol as well, but in Exchange 2007 or later version, POP3/IMAP4 service is disabled by default. If you don’t want to use POP3/IMAP4 to download email from Exchange Server, you can use Exchange Web Service (Exchange 2007/2010 or later version) or WebDAV (Exchange 2000/2003) protocol.

For Exchange Server 2007 or later version, WebDAV service is also disabled by default, so please use Exchange Web Service (EWS) instead of WebDAV protocol.

Note

Remarks: All of examples in this section are based on first section: A simple C# project. To compile and run the following example codes successfully, please click here to learn how to create the test project and add reference to your project.

[C# Example - Retrieve email from Exchange Inbox]

The following example codes demonstrate how to download email from Exchange server default mailbox using WebDAV protocol. In order to run it correctly, please change email server, user, password, folder, file name values.

Note

To get the full sample projects, please refer to Samples section.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;
using EAGetMail; // add EAGetMail namespace

namespace receiveemail
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            // Create a folder named "inbox" under current directory
            // to store the email file retrieved.
            string curpath = Directory.GetCurrentDirectory();
            string mailbox = String.Format("{0}\\inbox", curpath);

            // If the folder is not existed, create it.
            if (!Directory.Exists(mailbox))
            {
                Directory.CreateDirectory(mailbox);
            }

            // Please use domain\user as the user name.
            MailServer oServer = new MailServer("exch.emailarchitect.net",
                        "emailarchitect.net\\test", "testpassword", ServerProtocol.ExchangeWebDAV );
            MailClient oClient = new MailClient("TryIt");

            // If your Exchange WebDAV server requires SSL connection,
            // Please add the following codes:
            // oServer.SSLConnection = true;

            try
            {
                oClient.Connect(oServer);
                MailInfo[] infos = oClient.GetMailInfos();
                for (int i = 0; i < infos.Length; i++)
                {
                    MailInfo info = infos[i];
                    Console.WriteLine("Index: {0}; Size: {1}; UIDL: {2}",
                        info.Index, info.Size, info.UIDL);

                    // Receive email from Exchange server
                    Mail oMail = oClient.GetMail(info);

                    Console.WriteLine("From: {0}", oMail.From.ToString());
                    Console.WriteLine("Subject: {0}\r\n", oMail.Subject);

                    // Generate an email file name based on date time.
                    System.DateTime d = System.DateTime.Now;
                    System.Globalization.CultureInfo cur = new
                        System.Globalization.CultureInfo("en-US");
                    string sdate = d.ToString("yyyyMMddHHmmss", cur);
                    string fileName = String.Format("{0}\\{1}{2}{3}.eml",
                        mailbox, sdate, d.Millisecond.ToString("d3"), i);

                    // Save email to local disk
                    oMail.SaveAs(fileName, true);

                    // Delete email from Exchange server.
                    oClient.Delete(info);
                }

                // Quit from Exchange server.
                oClient.Quit();
            }
            catch (Exception ep)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ep.Message);
            }

        }
    }
}

Because Exchange WebDAV protocol supports folder access, so we can retrieve email from other mailbox rather than default “INBOX”. POP3 protocol doesn’t support this feature.

[C# Example - Retrieve email from “Deleted Items”]

The following example codes demonstrate how to retrieve emails from “Deleted Items” in an Exchange account. In order to run it correctly, please change email server, user, password, folder, file name values.

Note

To get the full sample projects, please refer to Samples section.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;
using EAGetMail; // add EAGetMail namespace

namespace receiveemail
{
    class Program
    {
        static Imap4Folder SearchFolder(Imap4Folder[] folders, string name)
        {
            int count = folders.Length;
            for (int i = 0; i < count; i++)
            {
                Imap4Folder folder = folders[i];
                Console.WriteLine(folder.FullPath);
                // Folder was found.
                if (String.Compare(folder.Name, name) == 0)
                    return folder;

                folder = SearchFolder(folder.SubFolders, name);
                if (folder != null)
                    return folder;
            }
            // No folder found
            return null;
        }

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            // Create a folder named "inbox" under current directory
            // to store the email file retrieved.
            string curpath = Directory.GetCurrentDirectory();
            string mailbox = String.Format("{0}\\inbox", curpath);

            // If the folder is not existed, create it.
            if (!Directory.Exists(mailbox))
            {
                Directory.CreateDirectory(mailbox);
            }

            // Please use domain\user as the user name.
            MailServer oServer = new MailServer("exch.emailarchitect.net",
                        "emailarchitect.net\\test", "testpassword", ServerProtocol.ExchangeWebDAV );
            MailClient oClient = new MailClient("TryIt");

            // If your Exchange WebDAV server requires SSL connection,
            // Please add the following codes:
            // oServer.SSLConnection = true;

            try
            {
                oClient.Connect(oServer);

                // Lookup folder based name.
                Imap4Folder folder = SearchFolder(oClient.Imap4Folders, "Deleted Items");
                if (folder == null)
                {
                    throw new Exception("Folder was not found");
                }

                // Select this folder
                oClient.SelectFolder(folder);

                // Retrieve emails from selected folder instead of default folder.
                MailInfo[] infos = oClient.GetMailInfos();
                for (int i = 0; i < infos.Length; i++)
                {
                    MailInfo info = infos[i];
                    Console.WriteLine("Index: {0}; Size: {1}; UIDL: {2}",
                        info.Index, info.Size, info.UIDL);

                    // Receive email from Exchange server
                    Mail oMail = oClient.GetMail(info);

                    Console.WriteLine("From: {0}", oMail.From.ToString());
                    Console.WriteLine("Subject: {0}\r\n", oMail.Subject);

                    // Generate an email file name based on date time.
                    System.DateTime d = System.DateTime.Now;
                    System.Globalization.CultureInfo cur = new
                        System.Globalization.CultureInfo("en-US");
                    string sdate = d.ToString("yyyyMMddHHmmss", cur);
                    string fileName = String.Format("{0}\\{1}{2}{3}.eml",
                        mailbox, sdate, d.Millisecond.ToString("d3"), i);

                    // Save email to local disk
                    oMail.SaveAs(fileName, true);

                    // Delete email from Exchange server.
                    oClient.Delete(info);
                }

                // Quit from Exchange server.
                oClient.Quit();
            }
            catch (Exception ep)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ep.Message);
            }

        }
    }
}

Next Section

At next section I will introduce how to retrieve email over SSL connection.

Appendix

Comments

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