The following vb.net example codes demonstrate how to sign email to S/MIME format with digital signature.
Email Digital Signature
Digital signature prevents email content is faked or changed in transport level. Encrypting email protects email content from exposure to inappropriate recipients. Both digital signature and email encrypting depend on digital certificate.
If you have an email digital signature certificate installed on your machine, you can find it in “Control Panel” -> “Internet Options” -> “Content” -> “Certificates” -> “Personal”.
Then you can use your email certificate to sign the email by the following code. If you don’t have a certificate for your email address, you MUST get a digital certificate for personal email protection from third-party certificate authorities such as www.verisign.com.
If you need a free certificate for your email address, you can go to http://www.comodo.com/home/email-security/free-email-certificate.php to apply for one year free email certificate.
Before you can use the following codes, please download EASendMail SMTP Component and install it on your machine at first. Full sample proejcts are included in this installer.
Install from NuGet
You can also install the run-time assembly by NuGet. Run the following command in the NuGet Package Manager Console:
If you install it by NuGet, no sample projects are installed, only .NET assembly is installed.
To use EASendMail SMTP Component in your project, the first step is
of EASendMail to your project. Please create or open your project with Visual Studio,
then go to
Add Reference ->
Browse..., and select
Installation Path\Lib\net[version]\EASendMail.dll from your disk, click
OK, the reference of EASendMail
will be added to your project, and you can start to use it to send email
in your project.
Because EASendMail has separate builds for .Net Framework, please refer to the following table and choose the correct dll.
Separate builds of run-time assembly for .NET Framework 1.1, 2.0, 3.5, 4.0, 4.5, 4.6.1, .NET Core 3.1, .NET 5.0, .NET Standard 2.0 and .NET Compact Framework 2.0, 3.5.
|File||.NET Framework Version|
Built with .NET Framework 2.0
It requires .NET Framework 2.0, 3.5 or later version.
Built with .NET Framework 4.0
It requires .NET Framework 4.0 or later version.
Built with .NET Framework 4.5
It requires .NET Framework 4.5 or later version.
Built with .NET Framework 4.6.1
It requires .NET Framework 4.6.1 or later version.
Built with .NET Core 3.1
It requires .NET Core 3.1 or later version.
Built with .NET 5.0
It requires .NET 5.0 or later version.
Built with .NET Standard 2.0
It requires .NET Standard 2.0 or later version.
Built with .NET Compact Framework 2.0
It requires .NET Compact Framework 2.0, 3.5 or later version.
Built with .NET Compact Framework 3.5
It requires .NET Compact Framework 3.5 or later version.
The following example codes demonstrate signing email with digital signature - S/MIME.
In order to run it correctly, please change
recipient value to yours.
To get full sample projects, please download and install EASendMail on your machine.
' Add EASendMail namespace Imports EASendMail Module Module1 Sub Main() Try Dim oMail As New SmtpMail("TryIt") ' Set sender email address, please change it to yours oMail.From = "firstname.lastname@example.org" ' Set recipient email address, please change it to yours oMail.To = "email@example.com" ' Set email subject oMail.Subject = "test email from vb.net with digital signature" ' Set email body oMail.TextBody = "this is a test email with digital signature (S/MIME)" Try ' Find certificate by email adddress in My Personal Store. ' Once the certificate is loaded to From, the email content ' will be signed automatically oMail.From.Certificate.FindSubject(oMail.From.Address, _ Certificate.CertificateStoreLocation.CERT_SYSTEM_STORE_CURRENT_USER, _ "My") Catch exp As Exception Console.WriteLine("No sign certificate found for <" + _ oMail.From.Address + ">:" + exp.Message) End Try ' Your SMTP server address Dim oServer As New SmtpServer("smtp.emailarchitect.net") ' User and password for ESMTP authentication, if your server doesn't require ' User authentication, please remove the following codes. oServer.User = "firstname.lastname@example.org" oServer.Password = "testpassword" ' Most mordern SMTP servers require SSL/TLS connection now. ' ConnectTryTLS means if server supports SSL/TLS, SSL/TLS will be used automatically. oServer.ConnectType = SmtpConnectType.ConnectTryTLS ' If your SMTP server uses 587 port ' oServer.Port = 587 ' If your SMTP server requires SSL/TLS connection on 25/587/465 port ' oServer.Port = 25 ' 25 or 587 or 465 ' oServer.ConnectType = SmtpConnectType.ConnectSSLAuto Console.WriteLine("start to send email ...") Dim oSmtp As New SmtpClient() oSmtp.SendMail(oServer, oMail) Console.WriteLine("email was sent successfully!") Catch ep As Exception Console.WriteLine("failed to send email with the following error:") Console.WriteLine(ep.Message) End Try End Sub End Module
You can use SmtpMail.SignatureHashAlgorithm property to set MD5, SHA1, SHA256, SHA384 or SHA512 signature algorithm. SHA256 is recommended.
If you need to use RSASSA-PSS signature scheme, you need a special version of EASendMail, please have a look at this topic:
TLS is the successor of SSL, more and more SMTP servers require
TLS 1.2 encryption now.
If your operating system is
Windows XP/Vista/Windows 7/Windows 2003/2008/2008 R2/2012/2012 R2, you need to
enable TLS 1.2 protocol in your operating system like this: