Visual C++ - Parse winmail.dat (TNEF)

The following c++ codes demonstrate how to parse MAPI winmail.dat in email.

When an Outlook user composes and sends a message using either Rich Text Format or HTML Format, Outlook automagically generates a file, winmail.dat, and attaches it to the end of the email. The winmail.dat contains the rich text body and original attachments. To parse winmail.dat (TNEF stream) file, we should use ParseTNEF method.

Installation

Before you can use the following sample codes, you should download the EAGetMail Installer and install it on your machine at first. Full sample projects are included in this installer.

Add Reference

To use EAGetMail POP3 & IMAP4 ActiveX Object in your project, the first step is “Add header files of EAGetMail to your project”. Please go to C:\Program Files\EAGetMail\Samples_VS2008\pop3_imap4_simple.vcNative or C:\Program Files (x86)\EAGetMail\Samples_VS2008\pop3_imap4_simple.vcNative folder, find eagetmailobj.tlh and eagetmailobj.tli, and then copy these files to your project folder. You can start to use it to retrieve email and parse email in your project.

add reference in C++

Visual C++ - Parse winmail.dat (TNEF) - Example

The following example codes demonstrate parsing winmail.dat - TNEF stream.

In order to run it correctly, please change email server, user, password, folder, file name value to yours.

Note

To get full sample projects, please download and install EAGetMail on your machine.

#include "stdafx.h"

#include "eagetmailobj.tlh"
using namespace EAGetMailObjLib;

void ParseEmail(LPCTSTR lpszFile)
{
    try
    {
        IMailPtr oMail = NULL;
        oMail.CreateInstance("EAGetMailObj.Mail");
        oMail->LicenseCode = _T("TryIt");

        oMail->LoadFile(lpszFile, VARIANT_FALSE);

        if(oMail->IsEncrypted == VARIANT_TRUE)
        {
            // this email is encrypted, we decrypt it by user default certificate.
            // you can also use specified certificate like this
            // ICertificatePtr oCert = NULL;
            // oCert.CreateInstance("EAGetMailObj.Certificate");
            // oCert->LoadFromFile(_T("c:\\test.pfx"), _T("pfxpassword"), CRYPT_USER_KEYSET);
            // oMail = oMail->Decrypt(oCert);
            oMail = oMail->Decrypt(NULL);

        }

        if(oMail->IsSigned == VARIANT_TRUE)
        {
            // This email is digital signed.
            ICertificatePtr oCert = oMail->VerifySignature();
            _tprintf(_T("This email contains a valid digital signature.\r\n"));
            // You can add the certificate to your certificate storage like this
            // oCert->AddToStore(CERT_SYSTEM_STORE_CURRENT_USER,
            // _T("addressbook"));
            // then you can use send the encrypted email back to this sender.
        }

        // Parse email sender
        _tprintf(_T("From: %s\r\n"), (const TCHAR*)oMail->From->Address);

        // Parse to recipient
        _variant_t varry = oMail->To;
        SAFEARRAY *psa = varry.parray;
        long i = 0, LBound = 0, UBound = 0;
        SafeArrayGetLBound(psa, 1, &LBound);
        SafeArrayGetUBound(psa, 1, &UBound);
        for(i = LBound; i <= UBound; i++)
        {
            _variant_t vt;
            SafeArrayGetElement(psa, &i, &vt);

            IMailAddressPtr pAddr;
            vt.pdispVal->QueryInterface(__uuidof(IMailAddress), (void**)&pAddr);
            _tprintf(_T("To: %s\r\n"), (const TCHAR*)pAddr->Address);
        }

        // Parse CC
        varry = oMail->Cc;
        psa = varry.parray;
        SafeArrayGetLBound(psa, 1, &LBound);
        SafeArrayGetUBound(psa, 1, &UBound);
        for(i = LBound; i <= UBound; i++)
        {
            _variant_t vt;
            SafeArrayGetElement(psa, &i, &vt);

            IMailAddressPtr pAddr;
            vt.pdispVal->QueryInterface(__uuidof(IMailAddress), (void**)&pAddr);
            _tprintf(_T("Cc: %s\r\n"), (const TCHAR*)pAddr->Address);
        }

        // Parse email subject
        _tprintf(_T("Subject: %s\r\n"), (const TCHAR*)oMail->Subject);

        // Parse email text body
        _tprintf(_T("TextBody: %s\r\n"), (const TCHAR*)oMail->TextBody);

        // Parse email HTML body
        _tprintf(_T("HtmlBody: %s\r\n"), (const TCHAR*)oMail->HtmlBody);

        // Parse attachment
        varry = oMail->Attachments;
        psa = varry.parray;
        SafeArrayGetLBound(psa, 1, &LBound);
        SafeArrayGetUBound(psa, 1, &UBound);
        for(i = LBound; i <= UBound; i++)
        {
            _variant_t vt;
            SafeArrayGetElement(psa, &i, &vt);

            IAttachmentPtr pAtt;
            vt.pdispVal->QueryInterface(__uuidof(IAttachment), (void**)&pAtt);

            if(_tcsicmp((const TCHAR*)pAtt->Name, _T("winmail.dat")) == 0)
            {
                // this attachment is in OUTLOOK RTF (TNEF) format, decode it here.
                _variant_t tatts;
                tatts = oMail->ParseTNEF(pAtt->Content, VARIANT_TRUE);

                long XLBound = 0, XUBound = 0;
                SAFEARRAY* tpsa = tatts.parray;
                SafeArrayGetLBound(tpsa, 1, &XLBound);
                SafeArrayGetUBound(tpsa, 1, &XUBound);
                for(long x = XLBound; x <= XUBound; x++)
                {
                    _variant_t vttAtt;
                    SafeArrayGetElement(tpsa, &x, &vttAtt);
                    IAttachmentPtr ptAtt;
                    vttAtt.pdispVal->QueryInterface(__uuidof(IAttachment), (void**)&ptAtt);
                    _tprintf(_T("winmail.dat: %s\r\n"), (const TCHAR*)ptAtt->Name);
                }
                continue;
            }

            _tprintf(_T("Attachment: %s\r\n"), (const TCHAR*)pAtt->Name);
        }

    }
    catch(_com_error &ep)
    {
        _tprintf(_T("Error: %s\r\n"), (const TCHAR*)ep.Description());
    }
}

int _tmain(int argc, _TCHAR* argv[])
{
    // Initialize COM environment
    ::CoInitialize(NULL);

    ParseEmail(_T("c:\\my folder\\test.eml"));

    return 0;
}

32bit/x64 ActiveX DLL

Seperate builds of run-time dll for 32 and x64 platform

File Platform
Installation Path\EAGetMailObj.dll 32 bit
Installation Path\x64\EAGetMailObj.dll 64 bit

Distribution

  • Standard EXE

    For VB6, C++, Delphi or other standard exe application, you can distribute EAGetMailObj.dll with your application to target machine without COM-registration and installer. To learn more detail, please have a look at Registration-free COM with Manifest File.

  • Script

    For ASP, VBScript, VBA, MS SQL Stored Procedure, you need to install EAGetMail on target machine by EAGetMail installer, both 32bit/x64 DLL are installed and registered.

Appendix

Comments

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