C# - Send Email using Gmail SMTP Server

The following c# example codes demonstrate how to send email using Gmail SMTP server.

Gmail SMTP Server

Gmail SMTP server address is smtp.gmail.com. It requires implicit SSL or explicit SSL (TLS) connection, and you should use your Gmail email address as the user name for ESMTP authentication.

Server Port SSL/TLS
smtp.gmail.com 25, 587 TLS
smtp.gmail.com 465 SSL

Installation

Before you can use the following codes, please download EASendMail SMTP Component and install it on your machine at first. Full sample proejcts are included in this installer.

Install from NuGet

You can also install the run-time assembly by NuGet. Run the following command in the NuGet Package Manager Console:

Install-Package EASendMail

Note

If you install it by NuGet, no sample projects are installed, only .NET assembly is installed.

Add Reference

To use EASendMail SMTP Component in your project, the first step is Add reference of EASendMail to your project. Please create or open your project with Visual Studio, then go to menu -> Project -> Add Reference -> .NET -> Browse..., and select EASendMail{version}.dll from your disk, click Open -> OK, the reference of EASendMail will be added to your project, and you can start to use it to send email in your project.

add reference in c#/vb.net/c++/cli/clr

.NET Assembly

Because EASendMail has separate builds for .Net Framework, please refer to the following table and choose the correct dll.

Separate builds of run-time assembly for .Net Framework 1.1, 2.0, 3.5, 4.0, 4.5 and .Net Compact Framework 2.0, 3.5.

File .NET Framework Version
EASendMail.dll Built with .NET Framework 1.1
It requires .NET Framework 1.1, 2.0, 3.5 or later version.
EASendMail20.dll Built with .NET Framework 2.0
It requires .NET Framework 2.0, 3.5 or later version.
EASendMail35.dll Built with .NET Framework 3.5
It requires .NET Framework 3.5 or later version.
EASendMaill40.dll Built with .NET Framework 4.0
It requires .NET Framework 4.0 or later version.
EASendMaill45.dll Built with .NET Framework 4.5
It requires .NET Framework 4.5 or later version.
EASendMailCF20.dll Built with .NET Compact Framework 2.0
It requires .NET Compact Framework 2.0, 3.5 or later version.
EASendMailCF35.dll Built with .NET Compact Framework 3.5
It requires .NET Compact Framework 3.5 or later version.

C# - Send Email using Gmail SMTP Server - Example

The following example codes demonstrate sending email using Gmail SMTP server. In order to run it correctly, please change SMTP server, user, password, sender, recipient value to yours.

Note

To get full sample projects, please download and install EASendMail on your machine.

Important

If you got authentication error, you need to enable Allowing less secure apps or Sign in using App Passwords.

Another way is Gmail OAUH, please see Gmail SMTP OAUTH section.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;

// Add EASendMail namespace
using EASendMail;

namespace mysendemail
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            SmtpMail oMail = new SmtpMail("TryIt");
            SmtpClient oSmtp = new SmtpClient();

            // Your gmail email address
            oMail.From = "gmailid@gmail.com";

            // Set recipient email address
            oMail.To = "support@emailarchitect.net";

            // Set email subject
            oMail.Subject = "test email from gmail account";

            // Set email body
            oMail.TextBody = "this is a test email sent from c# project with gmail.";

            // Gmail SMTP server address
            SmtpServer oServer = new SmtpServer("smtp.gmail.com");

            // If you want to use direct SSL 465 port,
            // please add this line, otherwise TLS will be used.
            // oServer.Port = 465;

            // set 587 TLS port;
            oServer.Port = 587;

            // detect SSL/TLS automatically
            oServer.ConnectType = SmtpConnectType.ConnectSSLAuto;

            // Gmail user authentication
            // For example: your email is "gmailid@gmail.com", then the user should be the same
            oServer.User = "gmailid@gmail.com";
            oServer.Password = "yourpassword";

            try
            {
                Console.WriteLine("start to send email over SSL ...");
                oSmtp.SendMail(oServer, oMail);
                Console.WriteLine("email was sent successfully!");
            }
            catch (Exception ep)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("failed to send email with the following error:");
                Console.WriteLine(ep.Message);
            }
        }
    }
}

Gmail SMTP OAUTH

The Gmail IMAP and SMTP servers have been extended to support authorization via the industry-standard OAuth 2.0 protocol. Using OAUTH protocol, user can do authentication by Gmail Web OAuth instead of inputting user and password directly in application. This way is more secure, but a little bit complex.

Using Gmail SMTP OAUTH

Appendix

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